This week we talked about preserve vs. conserve. Conservation means to manage the animals and plants. Preservation means to not take or hurt anything from animals and plants.
Personally, I am not biased towards either of them but, I feel strongly that we need both. On one hand I understand population control and on the other hand I also believe that animals shouldn’t be taken from their habitat.
This week we talked about harvesting and preserving. Plants have to be harvested differently by what type of plant they are. If your plant is a annual plant the you have to harvest the plant before it goes to seed. If you have a biannual you harvest roots before fall.anf lastly if you have a perennial you harvest roots at any time but the roots must be ready.
Mulching is important when growing a garden some mulching benefits are:
- Keeps soil warm in winter and cool in sun
- Attracts worms and other other beneficial insects
- Minimize soggy soil
- Keeps soil moist
- Limits the amount of weeds
Some bugs are good while others are harmful to plants. Chewing bugs are types of harmful bugs these are caterpillars,beetles,and grasshoppers. Some distortion bugs are thrips,aphids and gall mites
This week we talked about propagation. There are 2 types of propagation: the first is sexual which means it starts as a seed. The second type of propagation is asexual which means you grow a plant from cuttings, layerings and root division.
Spacing is really important. To grow a garden you have to determine the spacing for your plants.
*rule of thumb: plant seed at the depth of twice its diameter
This week I had 2 projects. The first project was a self-watering potted plant. The second project is a water garden.
Things you have to consider with your soil is that your soil must contain organic matter to provide minerals for all of your plants.The pH level is very important for your plant’s, a good soil pH level is about 6-6.5.
A couple things to remember when composting is to always keep your compost pile moist during warmer months, and then flip the compost every once in-awhile.
Last week I had a project about sprouting seeds but there was an accident and they spilled on the floor before I could get a picture. This week i had a project on growing a lemon seed it hasn’t started sprouting above the soil but it will soon.
This week we talked about the purpose of growing plants. A good question you should ask your self is, “Is there something in particular that you want to grow?” I would like to grow raspberries, blueberries, tomatoes, and cucumbers. The location and sunlight of your plants is very important. Most plants need 6-8 hours of sunlight a day. Most people put gardens close to the house so that it’s easier to access. Is it important to arrange taller plants in the north section of your garden this will allow all of your plants to receive an even amount of sunlight because since the sunrises in the east.
This is my first week of garden science and just like the other two Sections of the science I will have seven weeks of this and then I will be starting a new section which will be my fourth and last section of the year
Reasons to make a garden are:
- Gardening is a great reason to spend time outside
- Gardening is a great stress reliever
- Great way to become healthy
- It saves a lot of money
- Gardening allows you to easily study plants
During this section Garden science I will have up to 9 different projects
This essay will be my last essay of plant science and I will be going on to a gardening section.
In this week of plant science we talked about carnivorous plants, some carnivorous plants are:
- Snap traps
- Flypaper traps
- Pitfall traps
One of the most famous snap trap is the venus fly trap, this snap trap has 2 lobes with a mid rib separating them and on the snap trap there are tiny hairs called hair triggers and when on is hit it starts to close about half way but when 2 or more are hit then the plants snaps done and about 2 week later the plant reopens. The flypaper trap is a plant with sticky goo that stops bugs and small animals from leaving. There are two types of flypaper plants: the sundew genus and the butter wart genus. A pitfall plant is a plant that has a hole in the plant that has water inside that catches the bug. There is usually nectar around the edges that attracts bugs but when they get nectar they slip and fall in the water.
T-budding is a type of budding where you cut a small T shape in the stem of a plant and insert a bud . Pruning is when you cut leaves or branches off of a plant to help it grow. Most people trim branches to shape them in different ways but that is for show pruning is a way to produce more leaves and branches.
The beans and the pulp are all put into massive containers and are put under heat and after one week the pulp melts and the beans dry. The dried beans turn brown, the rotten beans turn violet. Once they are dried they are separated from rotten and dried then shipped of to different countries. Then once they arrive to the country the beans are cleaned by machines